DEALING WITH POST 9/11 PTSD

Do you remember where you were or what you were doing in the early morning on September 11, 2001? I do. And, I will never forget. After dropping my boys off at school, I’d gone to the nearby gym and was running on a treadmill. I almost stumbled over my own two feet when I saw the first tower go down. I had no idea what had happened, but was in a state of disbelief. This was in Dallas, Texas.

The terrorist attacks that took place in New York City on September 11, 2001, dealt an unrecoverable blow to many. Commonly referred to as 9/11, the planes that flew into the Twin Towers and the Pentagon claimed thousands of lives, not to mention the aftermath victims of cancer or respiratory-disease that passed due to exposure to the area known as Ground Zero. Many people faced dealing with PTSD as a result of the September 11th attacks. PTSD, post traumatic stress disorder, is a psychological disorder that can occur after someone is exposed to trauma.

People who lost a loved one, such as the family members who received a call from someone on the planes, often developed PTSD even though they weren’t at the actual event. First responders who were there to witness the chaos and tragedy first-hand also were susceptible to PTSD. Survivors of the attacks at the sites experienced the disorder through survivor’s guilt and the horror of losing friends and colleagues while witnessing what occurred.

What Exactly is PTSD?

PTSD is one of those terms we’ve all heard, but most of us have a vague idea of what it entails. The triggering traumatic event can include a number of circumstances in which the person affected has a hard time recovering from what they saw or experienced. PTSD can actually change the way a person’s mind functions and manifests itself with a number of symptoms.The Pentagon also has a memorial for 9/11 victims. PTSD is a common post-9/11 diagnosis for many Americans.

Every case of PTSD is different. A number of factors involving the individual impact the level of the disorder: age, pre-existing mental and physical health, event that caused the PTSD, support system and help received.

PTSD can last months to years or can affect a person for the rest of their lives. Depending on the severity of the event that triggered it and factors mentioned above, people’s ability to deal with the disorder in day-to-day life has a lot of variables.

Common symptoms of PTSD

People who suffer from PTSD describe it as a feeling of not being themselves.

  • Some who return to their regular existence, daily routines, family life and responsibilities after surviving or witnessing a traumatic event can find it challenging or even impossible to reintegrate.
  • PTSD sufferers describe the feeling of being uncomfortable in their own skin.
  • Loud noises can trigger flashbacks that heighten their fight-or-flight response, characterized by an increase in heart rate, blood pressure, difficulty breathing and a deep sense of panic.
  • Panic attacks are a common symptom of PTSD, as sufferers can suddenly become overwhelmed by anything that triggers their condition.

>READ: DO YOU HAVE POST-TRAUMATIC STRESS?

Post 9/11 PTSD

Due to the extremity of 9/11, the cases of PTSD that developed after were significant. Not only did the event impact individuals on a personal level, it had a catastrophic impact on a national level. Americans were dealt a huge blow. It threatened their feelings of safety and wellbeing.

People who developed PTSD because of losing a loved one in such a traumatic, senseless and tragic way had grief-related triggers. These people were commonly triggered by airplanes, phone calls that reminded them of the last call they received from their loved one, crashes and threats of terrorism. For these people, memories of their loved one could trigger panic attacks and anxiety.

For people who were at the scene as first responders or who survived the 9/11 attacks, they developed PTSD from what they witnessed or from survival guilt. Witnesses saw awful things: people dead, massive destruction, a national symbol toppled, people wounded and suffering, crying and screaming.

The survivors struggling to justify why they survived, while so many other people didn’t, often report the hardest thing to deal with is the feeling of overwhelming pressure to do something worthy with their lives.

Ways of Dealing with PTSD

One of the best known ways to combat the effects of PTSD is to prevent it from developing. Counseling immediately after a traumatic event is one of the best known ways to stave off the development of the disorder. When victims of trauma have a healthy outlet and place to voice their feelings and concerns, it helps preserve their mental health. Professional mental help is a necessity for many dealing with PTSD related to 9/11 or other traumatic events.

Therapists are finding a technique called EMDR (Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing) to be particularly helpful to move beyond the “stuck” phase of trauma’s impact.

Medication such as anti-depressants is the drug-related way of dealing with PTSD. For some, talking it through and leaning on a support system is not enough, and selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors are needed to calm the mind and minimize the symptoms.

If you or someone you know is still struggling from 9/11 PTSD, please reach out for help.

>READ: THE STORY OF LEIGH RICHARDSON: FROM TRAUMA TO BADASS MAMA

>READ: GRIEF HAPPENS IN THE BRAIN: HEALING AFTER LOSS

 

HOW TO EASE FINANCIAL ANXIETY WITH KIDS GOING BACK TO SCHOOL OR COLLEGE

Financial anxiety with kids going back to school/college is no minor issue. Parents are responsible for buying school supplies, saving for college tuition and expenses, and making a budget. If you are not financially prepared for all the expenses, you can get overwhelmed.

Unfortunately, as many already know, stress caused by financial situations can make things extremely difficult on a family and anxiety levels can boil over.  Here are some helpful tips to help you ease financial worries.

Make a Budget and Stick to It

The very idea of making a budget is dreadful to most people, but you should consider this a priority in anything related to finances. Without a financial plan, you are most likely to find yourself in debt. That said, it is crucial to set aside a few minutes to figure out how much your kids’ expenses will be every semester or school year. List all possible expenses including tuition, cost of living, cost of supplies, etc.

After having an overvieWriting down your budget and goals can help reduce financial anxiety as kids head back to schools and colleges.w of expected expenses, write down all your sources of income and start appropriating. Sometimes, the expenses may be higher than all your income combined. If this is the case, research possible scholarships and tuition discounts to take advantage of. If not, look for another income source to supplement your current income.

Having this kind of financial information can reduce your financial stress and give you a chance to plan ahead. Of course, a budget will not work at all if you do not stick to it. It is necessary to check your spending habits once in a while to see if you are on the right track. Therefore, always list down where your money goes, what expenses to expect, and adjust your budget as often as necessary.

Cut Costs Whenever Possible

While parents want to teach kids independence, if your expenses outweigh your income it’s also crucial to cut costs whenever possible. Ask yourself:

  • Do your kids need to stay in an expensive housing option?
  • Can they stay with you while they continue with their studies?
  • Can they get a roommate?

It is important to teach kids about cost-cutting as well. There is a big difference between a want and a need. While kids often want you to buy them nice stuff, it is okay to say no if the items are not necessary. Teaching kids the value of budgeting and cost-cutting not only helps ease your financial anxiety, but also makes them financially wise in the future.

Unfortunately, this is sometimes easier said than done when you are looking into the teary eyes of your child who wants the same expensive trendy shoes as his classmates in order to “fit in”.

>READ: THE GIFT OF STARTING YOUNG: SETTING THE FOUNDATION FOR FINANCIAL SUCCESS

Avoid Credit Card Debt

Remember that credit card debt causes a lot of financial stress. There are many benefits to not using a credit card. For one, you are most likely to avoid temptation. Marketers use a lot of lures like discounts, the illusion of scarcity, free trials, and the like to get you to buy stuff you may not even need. Having a credit card on hand makes it easy to impulsively purchase unnecessary items.

Avoid incurring more debt by not using credit cards as much as possible. Teach your kids not to rely on credit cards as well. Unless you are using a line of credit for business purposes that make you money, use cash or debit for purchases.

Take Advantage of Educational Plans and Funding

As early as possible, plan for the future education of your kids:

  • Research educational plans that help you save for your kids’ college tuition and expenses.
  • For long term horizons, you may want to invest in mutual funds and stocks.
  • For short term horizons, allocate a fixed amount of a portion of your income to get a pre-need plan.

Another way to ease your financial worries is to look into scholarships or grants that your kids can apply for. Many scholarships from various institutions are not claimed because parents do not take the time to do their research. If you run out of options, look into government loans and student lines of credit as a last resort. Remember, it is better for your kids to finish their studies with the help of a loan than to end up not having an education.

>READ: SUMMER IS A GOOD TIME TO TEACH FINANCIAL LITERACY

Final Word

Take control of your life and finances by becoming financially literate. Always make a conscious effort to stick to a budget. Never buy anything that is not necessary and avoid credit card debt. As early as possible, plan for your kids’ education. You can ease yourself from financial anxiety if you prepare for the financial challenges ahead.

And remember, even though your children may be upset now and may not understand why they are not getting everything they want for going back to school, they will when they get older.  And they may even thank you for it!

>READ: ARE YOU THE FAMILY BANK? 

>READ: THE FAMILY MONEY TALK: WHAT TO DISCUSS AND WHY 

 

Beat the Heat: Hot Flash Relief

Some women suffer from embarrassing hot flashes that come on faster than a heat wave. They begin from inside your body and spread to your face, neck, and chest. They can strike at inopportune times like during a presentation at work or while having a glass of wine on a date. Or maybe you woke up drenched in sweat, interrupted by a hot flash in bed. You may wonder what’s happening. You feel like you’re losing control. The heat is so intense you want to jump in a pool or stand in front of the freezer.  Well, get ready for some hot flash relief.

 

Why is This Happening?

Hot flashes can be a symptom of menopause caused by decreased estrogen levels, blocked estrogen receptors, and changes in other hormone levels. There are different schools of thought about what causes hot flashes from a decrease in estrogen to a decrease in progesterone to the beginning of menopause.

According to Menopause.org, many doctors believe hot flashes can originate from hormonal changes and how they interact with the body’s thermostat, which is in a woman’s brain. The brain has an intricate way of regulating your body heat. The hypothalamus is the command center, coordinating your autonomic nervous system. It’s like a thermostat, controlling the release of chemicals and hormones related to temperature. When a hot flash comes on, it causes changes in your blood vessels that increase blood flow to your skin pores.

The process is called a vasomotor spasm. Rush University has found blood vessels constrict and expand quickly during a hot flash, which leads to flushing and a skin temperature change. Your skin turns red and blotchy, and you feel like you’re in an inferno. Because your brain thinks you’re too hot, that causes a sweating response, increasing your skin temperature five to seven degrees higher. Then, you can get a chilled feeling as a hot flash ends. All of this can make you feel dizzy, weak, and nauseous.

READ MENOPAUSE COLD FLASHES: WHY THEY HAPPEN AND WHAT TO DO

 

What to Expect

Hot flashes can come on suddenly, frustrating those already dealing with the many changes of aging and menopause, or changes after a hysterectomy. Menopause.org says they’re a common symptom of perimenopause and menopausein a woman’s forties and fifties. While most hot flashes are just a nuisance, they can raise your blood pressure and heart rate. Older women are already more vulnerable to osteoporosis, and the Mayo Clinic says there can be some bone loss as a result of hot flashes.

For some women, they can be mild, but for others, they can be intense and frequent. Healthline finds on average, hot flashes last four minutes, but they can be longer or shorter, lasting mere seconds. According to the North American Menopause Society, 75% of women will have hot flashes lasting about seven to ten years. A small percentage experience it for ten to fifteen years, and what’s known as Super Flashers, can have them for twenty years or more. The Mayo Clinic finds being obese is associated with a higher frequency.

 

Hot flash Relief Tips for an Onset

Being in the summer heat can trigger a hot flash, so make sure to keep hydrated.

  • Drink a glass of cold water as a hot flash comes on
  • Spray lavender oil on your skin to cool down
  • Wear layers so you can shed them as you get hotter and more uncomfortable
  • Keep a mobile fan in your purse
  • Avoid spicy foods, caffeine, alcohol and avoid smoking

 

For Better Sleep

It can be especially jarring when you wake up in the middle of the night, drenched in sweat from hot flashes. Excessive sweating depletes your system of fluids and salt. Hot flashes can interrupt your sleep pattern, which can lead to chronic insomnia.

  • According to breastcancer.org a cool shower before sleeping can help
  • Try lowering the temperature in your bedroom and keeping an ice pack by your bed
  • Choose a mattress that lets you control the temperature

 

Avoiding Hot Flashes Medically

Beware: overwhelming hot flashes can lead to depression and anxiety. Some doctors prescribe hormone therapy or FDA approved antidepressants that are selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors to cope with the condition. If you’re concerned about estrogen drug side effect risks like heart attack or stroke, consult a doctor.

 

 

Nontraditional Ways to Avoid Hot Flashes

  • Yoga, meditation and other calming techniques can help because stress can bring hot flashes on
  • The Mayo Clinic says some women have turned to acupuncture
  • Black Cohosh is being taken with some success, but investigate drug interactions

You may need to try different approaches as you age. There is no cure for hot flashes, and not all hot flashes are caused by menopause. It could also be hypothyroidism so it’s important to talk to your doctor.

Child Brain Evolution – Studying Brain Development Stages

Brain evolution in a child displays a marvelous period of brain development since birth to five – creating more than a million neural links every second.

The evolution of the child’s brain includes many factors that also include external factors such as the child’s relations, experiences and conditions. Recent research in child brain evaluations depicts the human brain areas that grow the most during childhood and adolescence are the same parts that developed the most during evolving as humans veered from other hominids. The brain evolution studies help to monitor the brain development process from the newborn stage to the brain-building process in following years.

The Evolution Phases

The evolution of the brain accelerates from the birth of the child. The brain transformation in the earliest year is rapid, and the visible signs are evident to the naked eyes. The evolution showcases results as a helpless infant quickly transform into a walking, talking child and develop skills such as reading, interactions and ability to think logically.

At birth, the size of the human brain is less than a quarter of the size of an adult human brain. However, 90 percent of all of the brain development and evolution takes place in the first five years of human life. As a child, a human brain evolves rapidly, and the size of the brain itself doubles in size in the first year after the birth of the child. The human mind keeps developing, and by the age of 3, the brain reaches 80 percent of the adult brain size and goes up to 90 percent, i.e., almost full grown by the age of five.

Prenatal Development of Brain From Prenatal Stage to Birth
Prebirth for the brain developments, a process of brain evolution starts, but it is at an initial development phase, and the birth of the infant sees a brain with a complicated arrangement of more than 100 billion neurons. While the structure of the brain nerve cells starts with the prenatal stages; however, these nerve cells are in links during the prenatal period, and the rapid evolution begins after birth.

From birth to the time the child turns three, the brain undergoes a complete connection of neurons, and functional architecture of the brain formation occurs. These stages the child takes into account all the sensory experiences such as sounds, smell and voices, and that brings the brain nerve cells in connection. From birth to the age of three, the brain forms more than 1,000 trillion synapses in reply to environmental inducements like visions, noises and tastes. Due to these neural links a rigid system of neural connections shapes up in the formation of brain functions.

When the child turns three, the brain continues to build neural connections and begin to interact and respond to the new learning experience. This evolution phase is the time when the child reaches a brain development stage that enables them to talk correctly, display different emotional reactions and develop motor coordination of the body parts. Starting from age three and up to age 11, the brain neural system is at its most responsive levels and this decade of life is the time where the child has the brain ability to learn many new skills that become difficult at an adult age.

When a child turns 11 years of age, the brain starts to dock away from the excess neural networks where the most related neural pathways continue and become an active component of the grown-up brain structure, but little-used neural networks fade.

From ages 11 to 13, the brain starts to evolve into the ability of performing logical thoughts, improved memory and more complex problem solving. At this age, children are able to look at things in different ways and realize that there is more to some situations than just what is on the surface level.

The evolution of the human brain since childhood is a fantastic study that sees the initial stage of neural cells formation and leading to strong neural networks of complete brain development.

Originally posted on Katy Trail Weekly. Read the original article here.

Chemo Brain

Most cancer patients who undergo chemotherapy reportedly complain of neurological side effects long after the therapy is over. The main effect on your brain after chemo is short-term loss of memory. In some extreme cases, seizures, dementia and vision loss have also been reported. Breast cancer survivors were the first to report ‘chemo brain’, also called chemo fog. The purported condition affected an individual’s concentration, memory, ability to multitask, along with several other declines in function.

 

Memory loss is one of many complaints for women who experience ‘chemo brain’

 

Some women with the problem reported they were not able to follow conversations like before and they got more easily confused and fatigued. Other ‘chemo brain’ symptoms and signs include mental fogginess, being unusually disorganized, difficulty learning new things, taking longer than normal to finish regular tasks, issues with verbal memory (unable to remember a conversation), and visual memory problems (difficult recalling a list or image of words).

Before research material relating to ‘chemo brain’ or the impact of chemotherapy on your brain after chemo surfaced, these side effects were usually dismissed as by-products of depression, anxiety, and fatigue relating to cancer-related diagnosis and treatment. Although the scientific community is increasingly acknowledging that primary chemotherapy agents could have a negative effect on neurological function in some cancer patients, the actual mechanisms underlying the dysfunction is yet to be clearly identified.

 

How Long Will ‘Chemo Brain’ Last?

Although research studies have established chemo fog as a real chemotherapy consequence, several questions remain to be answered. One among them being how long the condition lasts. Or, in other words, do patients experience cognitive impairments even after having completely recovered from the acute chemotherapy assault, after several months or years?

[Read More about how Chemo Brain can impact your quality of life.]

Pretty much all cancer survivors go through temporary memory loss and problems focusing during and right after treatment. While such cognitive impairment tends to wear off with time, some patients, especially those who were on high chemotherapy doses, start to feel these cognitive effects months or even years after the treatment concluded and the medicines exited their systems.

A study estimated that anywhere between 15 and 20 percent of the 2.4 million American breast cancer survivors (females) have lingering cognitive issues years post treatment. One more study exhibited 50 percent of females hadn’t recovered from their cognitive function issue even a year post treatment.

Some Chemotherapy Drugs Are The Culprit

A few common chemotherapy drugs used for treating an array of cancers were more injurious to healthy cells in the brain compared to the tumorous cells they were designed to treat. Several series of experiments were carried out to expose the hazardous drugs.

Fluorouracil (5-FU, FU) cancer chemotherapy drug molecule.

Fluorouracil (5-FU, FU) cancer chemotherapy drug, chemical structure. Atoms are represented as spheres with conventional color coding: hydrogen (white), carbon (grey), nitrogen (blue), oxygen (red), fluorine (gold).

5-FU belongs to a drug class called antimetabolites that hinder cell division. This drug has been used to treat cancer for more than four decades. The drug, which usually gets administered in combination with other drugs for chemotherapy, is used to treat ovarian, breast, colon, pancreatic, stomach, and other types of cancer.

The research study carried out discovered that specific cell populations – oligodendrocytes – within the central nervous system underwent significant damage several months after exposure. Oligodendrocytes produce myelin, a fatty substance that coats the nerve cells and facilitates signal transmission between cells efficiently and rapidly. The myelin membranes turn over constantly. But these membranes will not renew and break down eventually if there isn’t a healthy oligodendrocytes population. This disrupts the routine impulse transmission that happens between nerve cells.

These findings sync with the observations from studies that were carried out on cancer survivors having cognitive issues. Their brains’ MRI scans revealed a condition akin to leukoencephalopathy. This white matter loss, or demyelination, could relate to several neurological issues.

In some patients, it’s clear that chemotherapy triggers a degenerative state within the central nervous system. As these treatments would most likely stay the standard for several years to come, understanding their precise influence on the nervous system is critical, and later incorporate the knowledge to discover ways to prevent such side effects.

Not all patients undergoing chemotherapy for their condition experience such cognitive issues. Finding out why some are more vulnerable could significantly help develop fresh ways to mitigate these side effects.

[READ: Tips for Managing Chemo Brain…]

Future ‘Chemo Brain’ Treatments

Although it could be possible to make drugs to decrease chemotherapy’s cognitive effects, those drugs would usher in the possibility of extra chemical constituents interacting with the cancer treatment itself, leading to other uncalled-for effects or causing a hindrance to the treatment itself.

According to a study from 2011, it concluded that neurotherapy was effective in helping to reduce and possibly even reverse some of the brain impairment symptoms caused by chemotherapy. Patients that participated in the study showed very significant improvements.

Woman Wearing Brainwave Scanning Headset Sits in a Chair In the Modern Brain Study Laboratory/ Neurological Research Center. Monitors Show EEG Reading and Brain Model.

Neurotherapy shows some promise for relief, but more tests are needed.

Researchers are also more positive about natural interventions getting uncovered to ward off damages resulting from ‘chemo brain’. For that reason, researchers studied whether an omega-3 fatty acids-rich diet would help decrease chemotherapy’s cognitive impacts on mice. This intervention unfortunately didn’t yield any significant outcome.

Such a study is first to create an animal model that demonstrates chemotherapy’s long-term effects on the brain. Going forward, the research team is hopeful of the model being utilized to study other nutritional components and graph their bearing on ‘chemo brain’.

 

CBD Oil and the Effects on the Brain

As we get older we learn more about what our bodies need and how to heal our aching bones. Now many are turning to Cannabidoil, or CBD. It’s becoming so popular The New York Times even called it a “magical elixir, a cure-all now available in bath bombs, dog treats, and even pharmaceuticals.” And for those who have never tried and want to learn more, you’re not alone!

What is CBD oil?

There are many questions about CBD oil: What is CBD? What is THC? Is it legal? Is it the same as marijuana?

molecular structure of CBD

In a recent interview with Dr. Russell Zwanka, a Siena College Food Marketing Researcher and a published author on CBD oil, he broke down exactly what CBD is and what you need to know. According to Dr. Zwanka, inside the cannabis plant is more than a hundred of what are called “cannabinoids.” CBD is a one of the cannabinoids inside the plant with less than 0.3 percent THC. THC, or tetrahydrocannabinol, is another cannabinoid inside the cannabis plant.

Both CBD and THC have effects on the body and especially the brain receptors associated with thinking, memory, pleasure, coordination, and time perception, but in very different ways. THC is a psychoactive substance and causes the “high” feeling whereas CBD is not a psychoactive cannabinoid.

What are the effects of CBD oil on your brain?

CBD has been known to provide relief for ailments such as inflammation, arthritis, help with sleep, bone growth, bone disease, seizures, anxiety, and certain types of cancer. With millions of these claims, it begs the question, what is it doing to our brains and our bodies?

According to Leafly, when a substance reaches the brain after hitting the bloodstream, it will “influence brain activity by interacting with receptors and neurons.”

Neaurons Comminicating with Neurotransmitters

When it reacts with a receptor such as dopamine, it can help the body produce more cannabinoids and regulate behavior and cognition. One of the main reasons CBD has gained notoriety is its ability to target the serotonin receptors, which can help with disorders involving pain, depression, anxiety, nausea, vomiting, schizophrenia, and more.

Dr. Zwanka says your body already naturally produces cannabinoids, but taking CBD can help to restore the body and brain to maintain “normalcy.”

On top of that, when CBD reacts with opioid receptors, it can immensely reduce drug cravings or withdraw symptoms, which can be an organic way to heal your body rather than prescribing opioids. But the question comes into play of whether or not this is approved by the FDA and “legal.” That answer depends on what form the CBD oil comes in.

What form does CBD oil come in?

CBD oil comes in a number of forms from tinctures to salve, capsules, gummies and vaping. When using a tincture, you put it under the tongue and avoid the digestive system so it’s a quick reaction, going straight into the bloodstream. Meanwhile CVS and Walgreens will offer a salve over the counter.

The form with the most controversy is CBD oil vaping. Dr. Zwanka says while there may be a stigma on pulling from a pen, the smoke form has an almost immediate effect that lasts longer. It’s one of the most controlled ways to take CBD oil.

Is CBD oil legal?

The answer is yes and no. Different forms of CBD oil are different in legality.

If it’s hemp derived, Dr. Zwanka says it is a federally legal product as long as it has 0.3. That remains true unless the state wants to enforce its own rules. Anything derived from the marijuana plant and has more than 0.3 THC, then has to follow the state CBD regulations.

According to the Federal Drug Administration, companies cannot claim CBD oil as a treatment for many ailments people say they use it for, but you can say it has shown “relief” for or helps with symptoms from these ailments. The FDA has not allowed sales of CBD infused foods at this time since they believe more research needs to be done. A hearing is expected to take place in May regarding these regulations.

How much CBD oil should you take and how often?

Most experts say it’s difficult to truly give a dosage. Each body and brain is different when it comes to chemical balances, sizes, and needs. As always, when it comes to taking a new substance to help your body, speak with your doctor or physician if you have any questions.

May National Stroke Awareness Month

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) finds about 795,000 people in the U.S. have a stroke every year. You have better odds of surviving if you get emergency treatment right away.

Ischemic strokes are caused when a blood clot blocks a vessel in the brain and stops blood flow. Doctors need to quickly restore that blood flow because your brain cells are dying. You can get a clot busting drug in the Emergency Room to reduce complications and improve survival odds. Researchers at Harvard Medical School say high blood pressure can quadruple your stroke risk. Try to relieve stress, lose weight and exercise to get it under control. Your heart health is also important. Atrial fibrillation can cause blood clots that travel to the brain.

May is National Stroke Awareness Month. For stroke signs, the CDC says remember the acronym, F.A.S.T. for face drooping, a numb or weak arm, slurred speech and time to call 911. Other symptoms can be trouble seeing, dizziness and sudden severe headache. So what happens to your brain during a stroke? White matter changes in the brain show up in 44 percent of stroke patients, which can lead to higher risk of death, another stroke, brain bleed, heart attack or dementia. White matter is a pathway that connects one region of the brain to another. Research in the National Institutes of Health has shown as long as neuron cell bodies stay healthy, axons can regrow and slowly repair themselves, restoring neural networks. Neurofeedback has been utilized in studies as a form of cognitive rehabilitation therapy with patients following a stroke.

In fact, a five-year UCLA study tested animals and found their brains can be repaired and brain function recovered after a stroke. Researchers found the brain sent replacement cells to the damaged site but then the process stalled. They identified a molecular receptor believed responsible for stalling the repair. When they blocked that receptor, the animals began to recover from the stroke. According to Dr. Thomas Carmichael, this finding could lead to new therapies to prevent more brain damage and improve recovery from a white matter stroke, which is a major factor in dementia. Damage happens in tiny blood vessels deep in the brain, where they’re blocked and oxygen can’t get through. They can go unseen with damage increasing over time.

Doctors say diet and how often you eat affects brain cell regeneration. A sedentary lifestyle can add to brain blood flow problems. If you’re sitting at your desk all day without the right posture, it can restrict blood flow to the brain. Even coffee and caffeine can further decrease blood flow.

Many stroke patients have long-term neurological problems and trouble with speech, confusion, visual field loss and balance. Recovery is like a roller coaster. They can experience a wide range of emotions and may need psychological counseling. They can be triggered, talking to friends and family, who remind them of their life before, when they felt normal. They may also cry easily. Stroke victims can have brain fog as the day progresses, and by night, they can’t carry on conversations or do tasks.

Writing and reading can also be difficult. Some stroke patients describe it feeling like they’re blocked, struggling to remember words and make their point. They may have to read the same sentence over and over to comprehend it. Speech therapy is crucial along with physical therapy to gain more muscle control. Occupational therapy can help with daily tasks like getting dressed and cooking. A stroke victim may wonder will it ever get better? It will. It just might be a long road to recovery.

A Fox News Radio contributor, Richardson has spent her educational and professional career learning human behavior. She holds a Master of Science in Counseling from the University of North Texas and is working to integrate cognitive behavioral therapy into the treatment programs for many clients. In April 2009, Richardson opened The Brain Performance Center.

The Brain Heart Connection

When you think about your brain, you probably think of it as a command center, having control over all functions of the body. During embryo development, the heart starts forming on day 18, while the brain starts forming on day 30. After that, the brain and heart work together for the duration of a lifetime.

We all know that eating a healthy diet and exercising contribute to our heart health. In turn, those health benefits are passed along to the brain too. Keeping your heart and brain in sync comes down to managing cholesterol, blood sugar, blood pressure and maintaining a healthy weight. Your brain signals your heart to pump oxygenated blood to your heart. In response, the heart delivers the blood to your body.

However, your heart is not just a muscle pumping blood, it truly has a mind of its own. Your heart contains more than 40,000 neurons and neurotransmitters. This is literally an extension of the same network that’s inside your brain. Your heart is responsible for producing Atrial Natriuretic Peptide (ANP), a hormone that triggers the brain to release Oxytocin. Experts have referred to this hormone as the “love” hormone because it triggers feelings of empathy, trust and relationship-building according to Medical News Today.

Love and compassion are complex emotions. They require your heart and brain to work together. Seeing a lost and emotional child in a crowded store would probably pull on your heartstrings. You might feel a tightening in your chest or a rush of adrenaline to want to help. This is your brain and your heart working together — sympathetically and parasympathetically. When your heart receives signals from the brain via the sympathetic nerves, it pumps faster. The sympathetic nerves cause you to rush to the child to protect them, and try to help find their parents. The parasympathetic nerves will encourage you to take deep breaths, to calm down and lower your heart rate.

Often times this adrenaline can be a good thing, helping you to act when you might have otherwise frozen. But sometimes, adrenaline can cause those nerves to stand on edge. Sometimes, the brain-heart connection and bundle of nerves can get so out of hand that they can cause panic attacks or people can feel like they’re having a heart attack. One way to keep your emotions in check is to focus on your breathing.

Deep breathing is an excellent coping skill for anxiety. Everyone’s optimum breath rate is between four to seven breaths a minute. When we are talking, we are taking 12 to 14 breaths a minute while trying to spit it all out. Shallow breathing means you’re not getting the oxygen pushed all the way down into the diaphragm. It stays in your chest. Trying to be mindful of your emotions and your breathing will help lower your heart rate. When you slow your heart rate down, it creates what’s called, your Heart Rate Variability (HRV).

Monitoring your HRV can be an excellent tool for tracking and accountability. It will make you more aware of your diet, exercise, sleeping and other behaviors that affect your heart and brain. This awareness can be very helpful in managing stress, which is great for your heart and brain. Modern technology is even getting involved. You can find free apps on smartphones like Welltory or CardioMood that give you real time insight. So the next time you’re experiencing heightened nerves and your anxiety is kicking in, take a moment to breath, think about your heart-brain connection and know there are always options to help you push past your anxiety.

A Fox News Radio contributor, Richardson has spent her educational and professional career learning human behavior. She holds a Master of Science in Counseling from the University of North Texas and is working to integrate cognitive behavioral therapy into the treatment programs for many clients. In April 2009, Richardson opened The Brain Performance Center.

This article was written by Leigh Richardson and originally appeared in Katy Trail Weekly. You can read the article here.

Brain Injury Prevention

As we get older, our bodies and especially our brains, start to change in ways we may not expect. We become a little more forgetful, a little slower, and unfortunately, a little less steady on our feet. Believe it or not, the imbalance can actually put you at risk for a brain injury. It’s as simple as losing your balance, falling to the ground, and not bracing yourself quickly enough. It’s so prevalent in women as we get older, that The Mayo Clinic recommends doing simple things like reducing clutter in your home, wearing non-slip shoes, doing light exercise, removing hazards from high traffic areas, using a shower seat and adding night lights in halls and bathrooms to help you find your way. Additionally, the National Institute of Aging has some tips for making your home as fall-proof as possible.

 

People of all ages getting brain injuries are more common than you might think. According to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, there are approximately 1.5 million people in the U.S. who suffer from a Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) each year.  50,000 people die from TBI each year and 85,000 people suffer long term disabilities.  In the U.S., more than 5.3 million people live with disabilities caused by traumatic brain injuries.

 

And unfortunately, it’s not only ourselves that we need to worry about. As women, we are often the nurturers in our family and often end up caring for our elderly parents, which can be a challenge. A UT southwestern study shows falls cause more than 80 percent of the traumatic brain injuries seen in adults age 65 and older. Doctors say educating yourself on how to keep our loved ones from falling is very important. We need to realize that it can be hard for an elderly parent to let go of control, especially when they might need help with something as routine as taking a bath or getting dressed.

 

On top of that, many women in their fifties are still working and might not be able to see everything a parent is doing at home during the day if they don’t have a 24/7 caregiver. If you suspect your relative has fallen and received a brain injury, some symptoms to look out for are headache, confusion, lethargic, mood swings, changes in sleeping routine, slurred speech, vomiting or convulsions. Some ways to prevent a fall and serious brain injuries could include low-impact activities like water aerobics or tai chi to help keep their bodies strong while improving their balance.

 

It’s also important to keep in mind that when you’re trying to help your loved one, you’re often going to find pushback. It’s best to have an open dialogue about their health and explain that you’re taking the necessary steps to keep them safe. You should also consider that your relative could be dealing with some fear regarding their mobility, including the fear of falling as failing eyesight, hearing/balance issues, dizziness, confusion, changes in medication, changes in sleeping patterns and delayed reflexes all become part of the problem.

Whether it’s for you or your aging loved one, preventing falls and especially severe head injuries comes down to awareness and realizing that we can’t control everything. If a fall does occur, the National Institute of Health recommends a few tips; take a few moments to calm down, stabilize yourself after the shock of falling, then crawl to a stable chair and pull yourself up. Regardless of if you’re a caregiver or not, keeping yourself safe has to be the number one priority, because if we can’t care for ourselves, we can’t care for others.

GRATITUDE IS GOOD FOR YOU

With Thanksgiving this week, I thought it’d be appropriate to dive into thankfulness and gratitude a little more than usual. You see, there is a brain health aspect to practicing gratitude, as suggested by research, which links gratitude to personal well being. It’s also understandable that in actual practice gratitude can be hard to come by — or rather, hard to force. But perhaps knowing what little moments of thankfulness can do for you and your health will allow you to tap into that part of you, even in the toughest of times, without having to force it.

“Gratitude” and “Well Being”

Grateful CoupleAlthough gratitude is defined in several ways it is overall defined as “the quality of being thankful; readiness to show appreciation for and to return kindness.” Well being is defined as “the state of being comfortable, healthy, or happy.” Surely, it’s no surprise that feeling gratitude would cultivate positive feelings, which then would naturally contribute to feelings of contentment and happiness. Thus, a heightened well being.

But what if gratitude is hard to practice? How can we try to practice gratitude for our own good?

Try Out Some Mindfulness

Mindfulness is the act of paying attention to moments of experience with an accepting and friendly attitude so as to observe with all the senses what is happening in each moment.” A lot easier said than done, practicing mindfulness can be very beneficial to one’s mental health and makes it a little easier to feel gratitude in that particular moment (with no pressure) and others going forward. Take a few minutes to nurture and nourish your mind, as it can help free up space for whatever life may throw at you.

Write It Down

Woman JournalingFor years, writing down one’s thoughts and feelings has been used in all types of therapy. Whether it’s writing a letter to someone and not sending it, keeping a dream journal, or perhaps just writing in a journal for contemplation, writing has long been a medium for healthy expression. In this way, it can also be used to practice gratitude. Even if it’s just a sentence, “I’m thankful for the blue birds outside my window this morning,” it’s the small moments that make up the big positive picture.

Say It Out Loud

Sometimes, it’s nice to be able to say how we feel, especially when we’re unhappy or going through something. How about when things are good? Or even when things are not good, what if we take a moment to think of something positive and express it out loud as we normally would, had it been something negative? Hearing that positive thing out loud could very well plant a positive seed in others’ minds as well as yours — a reminder that there are good small moments that, again, make up that bigger picture.

Spin the Negative

Again, easier said than done. And some things may be so difficult or so painful that you simply can’t “spin” it into “good,” or even find something good in it. That’s understandable. But for those moments when something feels like it’s just not going right, like maybe a family member unable to make it to Thanksgiving, try looking at it like this: “At least [insert other family member] will be able to make it this year,” or “at least they’re able to see their other family members this year,” or “this just means they will likely be with us next year.”

Helping Others Increases Gratitude

It’s true. Over the years, research has shown many documented examples of when volunteering or performing acts of kindness can be good for your mental health, increasing one’s sense of well being and lowering symptoms of depression. Even if it’s a small act, like making it a point to tell someone something positive about themselves, or holding the door, or even thanking them for helping you in a particular way in the past — it’s all good ways to practice gratitude.

Thanksgiving Resolution

I want to encourage you this Thanksgiving to start your resolutions a little early, and add to the list “Practice Gratitude,” as it can only be good for you and good for others. In hard times, seeing any little bit of good will help you stay afloat and will encourage others to try similar practices.